As the leading independent not-for-profit organisation dedicated to promoting safety and preventing childhood injuries and accidents in Western Australia Kidsafe WA has recently released a range of professional resources which contain WA specific accident and injury data from Princess Margaret Hospital for children Emergency Department (PMH ED).
The Childhood Injury Research Report: Road Injuries and Injuries to Babies, Toddlers and Pre-schoolers bulletin address key risk factors that lead to increased risks for injury. Both resources address a number of developmental, environmental and demographic factors which increase a child’s risk of obtaining an injury, including; cognition, motor function, stature, skin sensitivity, lack of safety equipment and lack of supervision.
The road setting (traffic areas on public roads, carparks and settings such as driveways, farm areas and skate parks) can be associated with a number of injury risks for children. Key highlights from the report include that from July 2006 to June 2016 14,290 children were seen in the PMH ED for a road injury; 8.4% of all injury presentations to PHM ED were for road injuries; and the leading causes of injuries were wheeled pedestrian (e.g. skateboards and scooters) (38%), cyclists (33.7%) and passenger (13.3%).
The bulletin on babies, toddlers and pre-schoolers highlights that between 2010 and 2015 children aged between 0 and 4 years of age represent over a third (40.3%, n=38,855) of total injury presentations at PMH ED. Of these injuries to children aged between 0 and 4 years; males (55.9%) accounted for more presentations than females, falls accounted for the highest number of injuries (43.9%), the home was the most common known location of the injury (36%) and the majority of injuries did not require admission to hospital for further treatment (16.1%).
For information on the incidence of childhood injuries and to learn about preventative measures to reduce the risk of childhood injuries visit Kidsafe WA’s website.