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Injury Evidence Bank

Providing a summary of injury prevention evidence together in one location, the Evidence Bank aims to increase the awareness of reliable, accurate and authoritative research pieces.

If you would like a piece of evidence added to the Bank, please click here.

When searching the evidence bank the following search filters are available:

Primary target audience: The segmented group which the intervention or focus of the evidence is aiming to have the greatest influence on.

Stage of injury prevention: The three different stages in which interventions can take place; primary (aims to prevent an injury from occurring in the first place), secondary (early detection and prompt intervention) and tertiary (lessening the impact of an injury which has occurred and preventing a recurrence).

Setting: The place or environment in which the intervention was conducted or targeting.

In the future the Know Injury Evidence Bank will expand to include;

  • Drowning
  • Poisoning
  • Intentional self-harm
  • Violence
Note: Developed in collaboration with the WA Road Safety Education Committee. Following the success of the Road Trauma Evidence Bank, the resource has been expanded to additional injury topics.

Results

Viewing 11-20 of 47 results

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Year Injury Topic Stage of Injury Prevention Primary Target Audience Setting Reference

2017

Alcohol-related harm

Primary

Whole Community

Home Safety, Transport Safety

Analysing the typology of drinkers in New Zealand, this study found that individuals with higher consumption levels were more likely to display signs of alcohol dependency, report lower satisfaction with their health and to have purchased alcohol late at night. Given these results the study concludes that due to individuals responses to alcohol-related policies being influenced by their consumption levels this should be taken into account when developing policy.   Reference: Wall M, Casswell S. Drinker Types, Harm, and Policy-Related Variables: Results from the 2011 International Alcohol Control Study in New Zealand. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2017 May 1;41(5):1044–53. Available from; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28372021

2017

Alcohol-related harm, Violence

Secondary

Whole Community

Hall, W. D. & Weier, M. Reducing alcohol-related violence and other harm in Australia. Med. J. Aust. 206, 111–112 (2017). Available from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.5694/mja16.01094

2016

Alcohol-related harm

Primary

Whole Community

Transport Safety

Television has the potential to reach a broad target audience in a short and cost-effective format. This report outlining the evaluation of the WA Road Safety Commissions "Grow up" campaign highlights that approximately 68% of respondents indicating that the campaign reminded them of the importance of not drink driving.   Reference; Mumby A. Drink Driving Full Campaign Evaluation 2016. Road Safety Commission; 2016 Mar. Available from; https://www.rsc.wa.gov.au/RSC/media/Documents/Resources/Publications/Justover-Growup-Campaign-Evaluation.pdf

2016

Alcohol-related harm

Primary

Health Professionals, Whole Community

Home Safety, Transport Safety

This review produced mixed results regarding policy-driven natural experiments in alcohol prices. With some studies reporting that alcohol consumption, alcohol-related hospitalisations and mortality decrease as alcohol prices increase, while other results were not as universal.   Reference: Nelson JP, McNall AD. Alcohol prices, taxes, and alcohol-related harms: A critical review of natural experiments in alcohol policy for nine countries. Health Policy. 2016 Mar;120(3):264–72. Available from; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26861971

2016

Alcohol-related harm

Primary

Middle Years (9 - 14 years), Older Adults (65 years and over), Young People (15 - 25 years)

Transport Safety

The evaluation report indicated that the "Alcohol Interlocks Campaign" was among the Top 5 Road Safety Commission (RSC) ads in terms of efficiency of cost, with a reach of more than 1.4 million WA residents aged 17 and above. Overall, the campaign effectively influenced 8 in 10 people to restrict themselves from drink driving.   Reference: Batini C, Nolden A. Alcohol Interlocks Campaign Evaluation. Road Safety Commission; 2016 Dec. Available from; https://www.rsc.wa.gov.au/RSC/media/Documents/Resources/Publications/Alcohol-Interlock-Campaign-Evaluation_Report.pdf

2016

Alcohol-related harm

Primary

Whole Community

Home Safety

This paper explores the role that WA local governments could play in regulating the promotion and advertising of alcohol in public places overseen by them. Already having sustantial statutory powers under local government and town planning laws, local governments have potential avenues to develop policies which regulate the sale and advertising of alcohol.   Reference: Swensen G. Public space and alcohol advertising: Exploratory study of the role of local government. The International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research. 2016 Jul 28;5(3):117–23. Available from; http://ijadr.org/index.php/ijadr/article/view/224

2016

Alcohol-related harm, Falls, Road Trauma

Primary

Whole Community

Hendrie, D., Miller, T., Randall, S., Brameld, K. & Moorin, R. Incidence and costs of injury in WA 2012. (2016). Available from; https://ww2.health.wa.gov.au/~/media/Files/Corporate/Reports%20and%20publications/Cost-of-injury/Incidence-and-costs-of-injury-in-wa.pdf

2016

Alcohol-related harm, Burns and Scalds, Drowning, Falls, Intentional self-harm, Poisoning, Road Trauma, Violence

Aboriginal Communities, Adults (26 - 64 years), Young People (15 - 25 years)

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Australian Burden of Disease Study: impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2011 [Internet]. Canberra, ACT: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare; 2016 [cited 2017 Feb 20]. (3). Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/getmedia/d4df9251-c4b6-452f-a877- 8370b6124219/19663.pdf.aspx?inline=true

2016

Alcohol-related harm, Burns and Scalds, Drowning, Falls, Intentional self-harm, Poisoning, Road Trauma, Violence

Primary

Whole Community

Hendrie D, Miller T, Randall S, Brameld K, Moorin R. Incidence and costs of injury in WA 2012. Perth: Chronic Disease Prevention Directorate Department of Health WA; 2016. Available from: https://ww2.health.wa.gov.au/Reports-and-publications/Incidence-and-costs-of-injury-in-wa

2015

Alcohol-related harm

Primary

Whole Community

Home Safety

This analysis of alcohol-related injuries presenting to emergency departments in Perth indicates that the rate of alcohol-related injuries tend to be higher in those regions with more off-premises alcohol sales and on-premises alcohol outlets.   Reference; Hobday M, Chikritzhs T, Liang W, Meuleners L. The effect of alcohol outlets, sales and trading hours on alcohol-related injuries presenting at emergency departments in Perth, Australia, from 2002 to 2010: Effect of alcohol outlets, sales and hours. Addiction. 2015 Dec;110(12):1901–9. Available from; http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/add.13063/abstract