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Injury Evidence Bank

Providing a summary of injury prevention evidence together in one location, the Evidence Bank aims to increase the awareness of reliable, accurate and authoritative research pieces.

If you would like a piece of evidence added to the Bank, please click here.

When searching the evidence bank the following search filters are available:

Primary target audience: The segmented group which the intervention or focus of the evidence is aiming to have the greatest influence on.

Stage of injury prevention: The three different stages in which interventions can take place; primary (aims to prevent an injury from occurring in the first place), secondary (early detection and prompt intervention) and tertiary (lessening the impact of an injury which has occurred and preventing a recurrence).

Setting: The place or environment in which the intervention was conducted or targeting.

In the future the Know Injury Evidence Bank will expand to include;

  • Drowning
  • Poisoning
  • Intentional self-harm
  • Violence
Note: Developed in collaboration with the WA Road Safety Education Committee. Following the success of the Road Trauma Evidence Bank, the resource has been expanded to additional injury topics.

Results

Viewing 21-27 of 47 results

Sort By:

Year Injury Topic Stage of Injury Prevention Primary Target Audience Setting Reference

2011

Alcohol-related harm

Primary

Middle Years (9 - 14 years), Older Adults (65 years and over), Young People (15 - 25 years)

Home Safety

The results of this study indicate that restricting pub closing times could result in a reduction in alcohol-related violence. Restricting pub closing times to 3/3:30am in New South Wales reduced assault incidences by 37% in comparison to a control location.   Reference: Kypri K, Jones C, McElduff P, Barker D. Effects of restricting pub closing times on night-time assaults in an Australian city. Addiction. 2011 Feb 1;106(2):303–10. Available from; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20840191

2011

Alcohol-related harm, Burns and Scalds, Drowning, Falls, Intentional self-harm, Poisoning, Road Trauma, Violence

Primary

Whole Community

Ballestas T, Xiao J, McEvoy S, Somerford P. The Epidemiology of Injury In Western Australia, 2000 - 2008. Perth: Department of Health WA; 2011. Available from: https://ww2.health.wa.gov.au/-/media/Files/Corporate/general-documents/Population-health/PDF/injury_report_2008-08.pdf

2010

Alcohol-related harm

Primary

Whole Community

Transport Safety

This study suggests that lowering the legal BAC limit is effective in decreasing road traffic injuries and fatalities. After the implementation of RBT and the 0.05 BAC law, fatal collisions was reduced by 18% in Queensland and 8% in NSW. The results indicate that administrative licence suspension, zero tolerance laws and graduated licensing could help in decreasing alcohol-related injuries and deaths.   Reference: Killoran A, Canning U, Doyle N, Sheppard L. Review of effectiveness of laws limiting blood alcohol concentration levels to reduce alcohol-related road injuries and deaths. Final report. Centre for Public Health Excellence NICE; 2010. Available from; www.ias.org.uk/uploads/pdf/bloodalcoholcontenteffectivenessreview.pdf

2010

Alcohol-related harm, Falls

Secondary

Whole Community

Taylor B, Irving HM, Kanteres F, Room R, Borges G, Cherpitel C, et al. The more you drink, the harder you fall: A systematic review and meta-analysis of how acute alcohol consumption and injury or collision risk increase together. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2010 Jul 1;110(1–2):108–16. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20236774/

2009

Alcohol-related harm

Primary

Health Professionals, Young People (15 - 25 years)

Transport Safety

Alcohol-related road fatalities can be reduced through alcohol policy measures such as increase in alcohol price, minimum purchase age laws and reduction in outlet density, with the support of mass media campaigns. This research indicates that an increase in alcohol price is associated with a reduction in alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm.   Reference: Anderson P, Chisholm D, Fuhr DC. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of policies and programmes to reduce the harm caused by alcohol. The Lancet. 2009 Jun 27;373(9682):2234–46. Access from; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19560605

2009

Alcohol-related harm

Primary

Health Professionals, Young People (15 - 25 years)

Home Safety, School Safety

Findings from this systematic review suggest that media exposure and alcohol advertising influences when adolescents start to consume alcohol and increases alcohol consumption among baseline drinkers.   Reference: Anderson P, de Bruijn A, Angus K, Gordon R, Hastings G. Impact of Alcohol Advertising and Media Exposure on Adolescent Alcohol Use: A Systematic Review of Longitudinal Studies. Alcohol Alcohol. 2009 May 1;44(3):229–43. Available from; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19144976

2005

Alcohol-related harm, Burns and Scalds, Drowning, Falls, Intentional self-harm, Poisoning, Road Trauma, Violence

Primary

Whole Community

Farm Safety, Home Safety, School Safety, Sport and Recreation Safety, Transport Safety, Water Safety, Work Safety

National Public Health Partnership. The National Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion Plan: 2004-2014. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia; 2005 Jul. Report No.: 3738 (JN 9220).
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